Vascular problems can affect many body areas and lead to various medical issues. Vascular diseases are generally caused by a narrowing or blocking of blood vessels, often due to plaque buildup. Genetic factors and medical conditions like diabetes, smoking, and high cholesterol can cause Aventura vascular problems.
Plaque comprises fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances in the bloodstream. It forms when these substances accumulate on artery walls. Over time, plaque buildup can harden and narrow the arteries, which increases your risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular problems.
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The vascular systems include:
- The Arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to other parts of your body.
- The Veins: They return oxygen-poor blood to the heart.
- Capillaries: These are tiny, thin-walled vessels that connect arteries and veins and allow for the exchange of nutrients, waste, and oxygen.
You need to be aware of the warning signs of vascular problems, such as:
- Pain or numbness in the arms and legs: When you experience such symptoms, it is a sign that blood flow to these areas has been restricted.
- Coldness in extremities: When you have reduced blood flow due to the narrowing of the arteries and veins, your extremities may feel cold to the touch.
- Weak or absent pulse: A weak or absent pulse can indicate poor circulation due to a narrowed artery.
- Swelling in the legs and feet: Swelling is caused by fluid buildup due to poor circulation.
- · Change in skin color: If you notice any changes in the color or texture of your skin, seek medical advice immediately, as it could be a sign of serious vascular problems.
Below is a detailed explanation of the common vascular disorders:
The most common vascular disorder is atherosclerosis. Your arteries’ inner walls become narrowed as a result of plaque buildup. This lowers blood flow and increases the risk of developing other illnesses like peripheral artery disease, heart attack, and stroke.
Varicose veins are enlarged and twisted veins that may cause pain and other symptoms. They usually occur in the legs but can also be seen in other body parts, such as the arms or abdomen.
Deep vein thrombosis
It happens when a blood clot develops in the veins of your legs, and it can be harmful if it spreads to other body parts like your lungs. Swelling, pain, and discoloration in the affected area are possible symptoms.
Peripheral artery disease
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is where plaque buildup narrows the arteries that supply blood to the limbs. Symptoms may include pain or cramping in the legs when walking or exercising, as well as numbness or a feeling of coldness in the feet and toes.
Some treatment options for vascular problems include lifestyle changes, medication, and surgery. Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking and exercising regularly can help lower your risk of developing or worsening vascular diseases.
Your doctor may also prescribe medication to control cholesterol levels or blood pressure or recommend a procedure to open blocked arteries. In cases of severe blockages, surgery may be required.
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, consult Ariel Soffer, MD, FACC, for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.